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A Diamond is a unique gemstone which by name has been associated since the dawn of history to prestige, glamour, strength and endless love.
The word diamond has a special aura and all people relate to the concept of a Diamond as something attractive and glamorous. 

Diamond is a mineral made of mostly carbon. Its extraordinary atom arrangement is what gives the diamond its glowing appearance,
shape and its value. 
The conditions for Diamond formation other than carbon are
tremendous pressure of approximately
60,000 atmospheres, a temperature of 2500 degrees and large depth of several kilometers down the ground. 

Once The Diamond is created, for it to reach the surface, it needs a volcanic eruption. Excavation in the "tube" where the outbreak occurs will discover the diamond. Mining will take place at a depth of 250-500 meters and will continue as long as it is profitable.

Extracting the diamond from the ground combines the use of new and old methods, large manpower and the use of very heavy machinery. Once the diamond is extracted from the ground and separated from the earth it goes through a process of marking, cleaving, sawing, cutting and polishing.
Any of these processes is performed by an expert for that process only. 

 
One carat of a diamond is produced from 50 tons of soil. For its rareness, it achieves its prestigious high status and its attractiveness.

The color of a natural diamond is diverse: white ,brown, black, red, pink blue and yellow.  The Diamond is the hardest stone in nature, with a hardness degree of 10 (not to be confused with rigidity), the shiniest of all minerals.




Most diamonds are round cut (Round Brilliant Cut), but there are also many other forms of diamonds. Polishing method which is not round is called – Fancy cut